In the mountains, deforestation has reached its paroxysm. Soil erosion and deforestation are endemic in Haiti due to centuries of agricultural exploitation, first under the colonial plantation system, intensive monocropping of export commodities such as cotton, indigo, tobacco, sugarcane, and coffee, and later by the widespread harvest of timber for export markets and the expansion of peasant subsistence agriculture on marginal sloping land. A growing urban population and an increasing demand for charcoal and fuel wood have put further stress on the environment. While rural Haiti has provided most of the nation's revenue in the form of agriculture and natural resources, this wealth has systematically been siphoned from rural areas to the capital with little return to the countryside in the form of infrastructure or development. | Location: Fondwa, Haiti.
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