February 1991: At the end of the Gulf War, Kurdish refugees fled in a mass exodus from northern Iraq over the border into the mountains of southern Turkey. An estimated 450,000 Kurdish refugees fled to Turkey, and tens of thousands died of cold, hunger, and disease. These Kurds, initially supported by US Forces in an independence uprising against Saddam's forces, were later left defenseless as Saddam's forces retaliated and brutally killed many Kurds.
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