Aerial View of Fort McHenry National Monument in Baltimore
The 18th century star-shaped fort defended the nation against the British attack during the War of 1812. After the War of 1812, the fort was never attacked again and continued to be used for military operations for the next hundred years. During the Civil War, Union forces used it as a prison camp for Confederate soldiers, southern sympathizers, and political prisoners. From 1917 to 1923, the U.S. Army General Hospital No. 2 was located there to service World War I troops. It also became a training facility for the U.S. Coast Guard during World War II. The fort's flag became the inspiration for Francis Scott Key's song the "Star Spangled Banner". The fort is also known for enlisting the first African-American soldier, William Williams. William Williams enlisted as a soldier in 1814 and was assigned to the 38th U.S. Infantry.
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